Cool Metal Roofing: How Energy Efficient Roofs Bring Cost Savings
Energy efficient roofing is not a new concept. Roof products have been able to qualify for an Energy Star label since 1999. However, a recent larger global focus on sustainability, along with monetary benefits for the consumer, have resulted in more consumers gravitating towards this type of roofing in the past few years.
At Western States Metal Roofing, we have been manufacturing metal roofing for over 20 years and have seen the industry recently lean towards energy efficiency and cool metal roofing.
If you have been considering a cool metal roof or are just learning about them now, we want to keep you informed. After reading this article, you will have a better idea about what a cool metal roof is and if having a cool metal roofing system is right for you.
What Is Cool Metal Roofing?
A cool metal roof is a roofing system that delivers higher solar reflectance. Compared to asphalt shingles, the temperature of a cool roof stays lower on very hot days than a conventional roof. This reduces the need for air conditioning which also lowers the electric bill.
Benefits of Cool Metal Roofing
- Homeowner energy savings of 7% up to 15%
- Reducing potential blackouts and power outages
- Reducing power plant emissions (carbon dioxide, nitrous oxides, sulfur dioxide)
- Tax incentives
- Provides excellent insulation during cold winter months
What Is Solar Reflectivity?
Solar Reflectivity (SR), or reflectance, is one of the factors that is taken into consideration with cool roofs. SR is a material’s ability to reflect solar energy from its surface back into the atmosphere. The SR value is a number from 0 to 1.0. The lower the number, the more a material absorbs solar energy.
A surface that reflects 65% of sunlight has a solar reflectance of 0.65. Most dark roof materials reflect 5 to 20% of incoming sunlight, while light-colored roof materials typically reflect 55 to 90%. A material with an SR value of 1.0 indicates a material that has total reflectance.
What Is The Solar Reflectance Index?
The Solar Reflectance Index, or SRI, is a measure that combines a constructed surface’s ability to reflect solar radiation and emit thermal radiation. It’s used as an indicator of how hot a surface will become when exposed to solar heat.
SRI is on a scale from 0 to 100. Materials that are highly reflective will have a higher number on the scale as they can remain cooler in sunshine. SRI can be calculated based on the pitch of a roof, solar reflectance, thermal emittance, as well as the weight of the roof and its aging characteristics.
Another factor to consider with a cool metal roof is emissivity, which is a measure of how efficiently the roof surface and metal panel releases the absorbed sun's heat that's optimal for creating a normal roof temperature. The level of emittance capabilities of a metal roof is important to know as it can be a concern for solar panels, cool roof coatings, and roof installation.
How Does The Color Of A Metal Roof Affect Energy Efficiency?
A lighter colored roof is more effective at decreasing your energy bill more than a dark colored roof. This is because the lighter colors reflect the heat of the sun more which helps keep the roof from being exposed to intense heat.
Is A Dark Metal Roof Hotter Than Lighter Colored Metal Roofs?
There’s a reason why you don’t see many black roofs in the desert. A dark colored metal roof or shingle roof, such as black, will get hotter than a roof in a lighter color because the dark color absorbs more heat.
Take your local weather conditions into consideration before deciding on a metal roof color. There are plenty of cool and mild climates where a black metal roof is a great choice. Talk to your roofing contractor to see if the location and climate of your building is a great fit for a cool roofing system.
LEED Certification for Cool Roofs
The LEED, or Leadership In Energy And Environmental Design, certification program is the leading international program for sustainable building design and construction. A cool roof can become LEED certified as long as it meets the Leadership In Energy And Environmental Design (LEED) requirements.
The benefits of a LEED certification has benefits for both contractors and homeowners. Homeowners can reap the rewards of energy savings while contractors can get an advantage over competition by marketing that they construct eco-friendly, LEED-certified buildings.
LEED Certification Benefits For Contractors
- Demonstrate environmentally responsible building practices
- Attract more customers
LEED Certification Benefits For Homeowners
- Safer for occupants
- Energy and water-efficient
- Tax credits and deductions
- Higher lease-up rates than conventional buildings
SRI Values And Roof Pitch For LEED Certified Metal Roofing
Knowing the pitch of your roof is important when determining if your cool roof is eligible to become LEED-certified. In order for a cool roof to meet LEED requirements, a roofing material must have an SRI of 29 or higher for any roof with a pitch that is greater than 2:12. If the pitch is 2:12 or less, the SRI value must be of 78 or higher.
How To Have A Project Leed Certified
To have a project become LEED-certified, you must follow the following steps:
- Register your project by completing key forms and submitting payment.
- Apply for LEED certification by submitting your completed certification application through and paying a certification review fee.
- Review. Your LEED application is reviewed by Green Business Certification Inc. (GBCI).
- Certify. Receive the certification decision
The U.S. Green Building Council processes all LEED certifications for commercial and residential projects.
Energy Efficient Cool Metal Roofing
Metal has become one of the main materials associated with cool roofing because of its sustainability. In comparison to other types of roof coating and materials, such as asphalt shingle roof, a cool roof serves as an excellent radiant barrier especially for buildings located in hot climates. There are seemingly endless benefits to a cool metal roof including:
- Energy bill savings of 7% to 15%
- Environmental benefits by reducing local air temperatures
- Tax incentives
- Improved indoor comfort in areas that are not air-conditioned
- Fire resistance
- Low maintenance
- Longevity of 40-60 years with proper installation and maintenance
Energy efficient metal roofing comes in a large variety of profiles that meet the needs of different budgets. Start by discovering which type of roofing profile is best for you:Standing Seam vs. Exposed Fastener Metal Roofing (Pros & Cons)